Anemia is when you don’t have enough healthy red blood cells to carry enough oxygen to your body’s tissues. Anemia, also known as low hemoglobin, can make you feel tired and weak. Anemia comes in many forms, each with its own cause. Anemia can be short-term or long-term and can range from mild to severe. In most cases, anemia has more than one cause. Depending on the cause, treatment of anemia may include dietary supplements and medical procedures. You can prevent some types of anemia with a healthy and varied diet.
1. Iron deficiency anemia:
This occurs when the body does not have enough iron. If this mineral is deficient, the body cannot produce sufficient amounts of hemoglobin, the substance found in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to other tissues. This is the most common picture of anemia, since it represents 50% of them.
2.Pernicious anemia: Pernicious
anemia occurs when the intestines do not absorb vitamin B12 properly. It is necessary for the proper functioning of the brain, the nervous system and for the formation of blood and various proteins. Under normal conditions, a glycoprotein called intrinsic factor (IF) absorbs this vitamin.
3. Folate deficiency anemia:
As its name suggests, this type of anemia causes a decrease in the number of red blood cells (anemia) due to a lack of folic acid, which is necessary for their synthesis and growth. The main causes of this imbalance are a lack of folic acid in the diet, hemolytic anemia, chronic alcoholism and the consumption of certain drugs.
4. Autoimmune hemolytic anemia:
This is a form of anemia that avoids nutritional requirements because the patient’s immune system is responsible for destroying its own red blood cells. It is a rare disease, whose cause is not found in half of the cases, idiopathic. However, it can be a consequence of other underlying diseases such as systemic lupus erythematosus and lymphoma.
5. Aplastic anemia:
Aplastic anemia occurs when the body stops making the necessary number of new blood cells. It is a rare and potentially serious disease that can develop slowly or suddenly at any age. Symptoms are similar to those of other types of anemia, but there may also be signs such as frequent infections, nosebleeds or bleeding gums, bruising, and unexplained rashes.
6. Sickle cell anemia:
Sickle cell anemia encompasses a group of inherited disorders that affect the red blood cells. These blood cells are round and disk-shaped, but in this disease some red blood cells (sickle cells) become misshapen, making them stickier and harder than normal. Sickle cells die before normal cells and can clog and block blood flow.
– Pale or yellowish skin
– Labored breathing
– Dizziness or vertigo
– Chest pain
– Cold hands and feet
Many types of anemia cannot be prevented. However, you can prevent iron deficiency anemia and vitamin deficiency anemia by eating a diet with a variety of vitamins and minerals, including:
-Iron: Iron-rich foods include beef and other meats, beans, lentils, iron-fortified cereals, dark green leafy vegetables, and dried fruits.
-Folic acid: This nutrient and its synthetic form, folic acid, are found in fruits and juices, dark green leafy vegetables, peas, beans, peanuts, and fortified grains such as bread, cereal, pasta, and rice.
-Vitamin B-12: Foods rich in vitamin B-12 include meat, dairy products, fortified cereals, and soy products.
-Vitamin C: Foods rich in vitamin C include citrus fruits and juices, bell peppers, broccoli, tomatoes, melons, and strawberries. They also help increase iron absorption.